Indonesia is a country with the largest Muslim population in the world. No wonder mosque buildings are so easy to find all over the country. With a historical background that surrounds the mosque, many are built with their own beauty and uniqueness for the convenience of the worshipers who want to worship piously. We list down some of the most magnificent and beautiful mosques that you can find in several regions of Indonesia
1. Masjid Istiqlal, Jakarta
The Istiqlal Mosque is one of the iconic mosques in Indonesia and is the largest mosque in Southeast Asia which can accommodate 200 thousand worshipers. The building of this mosque is in a modern architectural style which is interestingly designed by a Christian named Frederich Silaban. In addition, this mosque building has marble-covered walls and floors with geometric ornaments and stainless steel.
2. Masjid Al-Akbar, Surabaya
Also known as the Great Mosque of the City of Heroes, Masjid Al-Akbar is located next to the Surabaya Toll Road and becomes the third largest mosque in Indonesia after Istiqlal and Islamic Center Samarinda. Besides being magnificent, the mosque is also beautiful with stunning architecture with one large dome and four small domes that are structured like green-blue leaves.
3. Masjid Dian Al-Mahri, Depok
Is a mosque built by a wealthy Muslim businessman from Banten named Dian Al-Mahri. The dome is covered in gold as thick as 2-3 millimeters (mm) with crystal mosaics. No wonder this mosque is very beautiful and automatically makes great attention immediately. The mosque is also known as the ‘Golden Dome Mosque’. In addition, the architecture also resembles the mosques in the Middle East which are super beautiful.
4. Masjid Al-Irsyad, Bandung
Al-Irsyad Mosque Bandung has a building design that actually looks futuristic and is shaped like a large gray cube with walls that form gaps. In addition to having beautiful architecture, the mosque which was just inaugurated in 2010 is also very comfortable for worship because air circulation is very easy to circulate through the gap of the coal.
5. Masjid 99 Kubah, Makassar
This mosque is known as the 99 Dome Mosque which is indeed the number of domes in this mosque. 99 are taken from Asmaul Husna which are the names of Allah and managed to make this mosque have a magnificent and beautiful architecture at the same time. No wonder this mosque is included in 30 unique mosques in the world becoming a new religious tourism destination in the city.
6. Masjid Agung An-Nur, Pekanbaru
If you want to visit the Taj Mahal, you don’t really need to go all the way to India because you just need to visit this mosque, which has architectural similarities to one of the world’s wonders. In addition to the magnificent building with stunning architecture, the environment of this mosque is also very beautiful overgrown with trees. In addition, the facilities are complete with a hall, library to office and educational areas.
7. Masjid Islamic Centre, Samarinda
In addition to being wide and large, the outer wall of the minaret of the Islamic Center Samarinda Mosque is surrounded by Asmaul Husna lafadz which is covered with granite with a water jet manufacturing technique. The beauty of this mosque is more complete with the beautiful panorama of the Mahakam River which can be seen by visitors from the mosque’s minaret. Its beautiful architecture comes from a number of iconic mosques in the world where the minaret is inspired by the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina, while the dome is inspired by the Haghia Sophia Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey.
8. Masjid Baiturrahman, Aceh
Is one of the oldest and the most historical mosques in Indonesia, because it has been established in the era of the Aceh Sultanate in 1612 and became a silent witness to the struggle of the Acehnese heroes against the Dutch colonialists. Had been burned by the company, this mosque building was rebuilt in 1879 – 1881 with Indian-style architecture. Since then, this mosque has continued to stand strong even during the devastating tsunami of 2004, a miracle occurred where the Baiturrahman Mosque remained firmly standing as a silent witness to the rage of the flood in the ‘Serambi Mekah’ at that time.
9. Masjid Agung, Jawa Tengah
Is a representation of a magnificent mosque building with beautiful architecture and technological sophistication. This mosque, which is located in the city of Semarang, is a combination of Javanese and Greek architecture and is equipped with a giant hydraulic umbrella that can open and close automatically. For pilgrims or tourists who visit here, there is no need to worry about the rain even though they are in a large area outside the mosque.
10. Masjid Agung Sumenep, Madura
It is the oldest mosque building and is full of historical stories besides the Baiturrahman Mosque. The mosque has the original name Jamik Panembahan Somala Mosque which has been established in 1787. The building is also beautiful and majestic with an architectural blend of Madurese, Javanese, Chinese and European cultures. This mosque has also become a religious tourist spot because many pilgrims visit and its strategic location is located in the town square of Sumenep.
11. Masjid Agung Tuban
Another beautiful mosque in Indonesia which has enchanting architecture that resembles the ‘Negeri 1001 Malam’. The building is adorned with ornaments on its large dome that looks colorful. With the grandest three floors and six pillars, the mosque is certainly very comfortable as a place of worship as well as being suitable as a religious tourist spot for anyone who wants to visit.