Urban farming gains increasing popularity these days as most of the people in the city are staying at home a lot. This agriculture method is very applicable in big cities because it doesn’t require a large land, so you as urban people can definitely do it at home. Besides being a leisure activity at home, urban farming actually has significant benefits for food security and overcoming clean air problems.
Urban farming itself is a term that refers to the activities of farming or animal breeding independently in urban areas, which is then processed to be consumed alone or distributed to other places. One that very common is planting vegetables or fruits and usually utilizes limited land, such as in the yard of a house or office. Before trying urban farming at your home, you surely need to know the basics first. Here are the insights for you.
Tips for Beginners
You can plant directly in the ground or use containers, such as pots, bottles, used buckets, used car tires, or other storage media.
- The medium
Use garden soil as a planting medium. You can also replace it with substrate objects, such as peanut shells, coconut fiber, or soil. If the substrate is also not available, you can use water mixed with the fertilizer solution.
For irrigation, you can use rainwater or residual water that is still feasible. The water needed for irrigation is actually relatively few. For one square meter garden, it only requires less than 3 liters of water per day.
Plants for Beginners
To start urban farming, these are five plants that are recommended for beginners:
As chili is one of the most essential food ingredients in Indonesia, growing it at home will be very useful for your household. Chilies are planted through seeds that can be obtained from rotted chilies. The harvest period of chili is usually 2.5-3 months after planting.
Tomato plant produces fruits throughout the year and relatively easy to grow by beginners. It also a perfect plant for warm weather like in the urban cities of Indonesia. Besides, tomatoes are rich in vitamins A and C, as well as contains high fiber and antioxidants. To grow tomato, the steps are similar to chili which started by planting the dry seeds. You will need a wooden or bamboo stand, so the plant will grow upright, not spread sideways.
Carrot is another plant that is very easy to grow and fit the warm weather. It doesn’t require a certain skill, yet very rewarding activities. You can buy the seeds package that also comes with simple instructions. Carrots grow best in light, sandy soils, and full sun.
- Salad greens
Salad greens are probably the easiest and quickest to grow in your small space. A sunny window is the best spot to put your salad greens container garden, preferably a south-facing window.
- Garlic greens
Growing garlic plants indoors is an easy and delicious way to have a healthy ingredient at your fingertips. The garlic greens taste like scallions but with an added garlic flavor. You can use them in any recipe that calls for garlic or scallions. To grow tasty garlic plants, all you need is a 4-inch pot (or a quart yogurt container with some drain holes poked in the bottom), a small bag of organic potting soil, and a saucer or tray to set the pot on to catch drips.